Professional, peer-reviewed papers on the historical, scientific, biblical, and theological issues related to Noah’s flood
Ruminating on Created Kinds and Ark Kinds
Understanding the relationship between created kinds and Ark kinds is a key issue in creation science, especially as it has bearing on the Flood/post-Flood boundary debate.
Chronological Framework of Ancient History. 1: Problem, Data, and Methodology
This series of papers makes the case that a broad consensus of ancient sources speaks in harmony with Ussher’s chronology of the Bible.
Decoding a World Navel “Visual Language” Through Ideational Cognitive Archaeology
Only a Flood koine (with a distinctive and historic world navel) can fully explain the close-knit pattern of evidence found across material cultures.
Ichnofossils Refute Hydroplate Theory’s Liquefaction Submodel
Ichnofossil data challenge Hydroplate Theory’s credibility—a theory purporting to explain the global stratigraphic record and its paleontological constituents.
A New Flood Chronology Based on Seven-Day Creation Cycles
This study begins by linking Flood chronology with Creation chronology, which simply has a sequence of seven literal days ending with a sabbath day.
Using Stromatolites to Rethink the Precambrian-Cambrian Pre-Flood/Flood Boundary
Many creationists are actively engaged in finding the Flood/post-Flood boundary, but most creationists consider the Precambrian-Cambrian contact more attractive.
The Grand Canyon, Monument to an Ancient Earth: The Deceptions Continue
The Grand Canyon, Monument to Ancient Earth? rejects the truth of Genesis regarding the Flood and the age of the earth.
Implications of Creation Biology for a Neogene-Quaternary Flood/Post-Flood Boundary
While several current Flood models posit an Upper Cenozoic Flood Boundary, none of them address the problem of biblical kinds and their relationship Genesis.
The Mesopotamian Deluge Accounts: Neither History Nor Revelation
The deluge poems of Mesopotamia are soaked in a moral and theological framework that is not just different from Genesis but utterly hostile to it.
Inerrancy and Biblical Authority: How and Why Old-Earth Inerrantists Are Unintentionally Undermining Inerrancy
The old-earth signers of the CSBInerrancy unintentionally violated their own principles of interpretation and unintentionally undermined the inerrancy and the authority of Scripture.
Remembering Spillover Erosion of Grand Canyon
We should remember an important fact—creationist and evolutionist thinking about spillover continues to make a significant contribution to our understanding of erosion of Grand Canyon.
It’s for the Birds: Avian Fine-Tuning of Flood Chronology
Genesis 8:5–13 reveals the character of Noah and delimits the time of the water’s becoming powerful to between 16 and 23 days after the Flood began.
Heat Problems Associated with Genesis Flood Models—Part 3: Vapour Canopy Models
The biblical and scientific arguments for a pre-Flood vapour canopy do not support the theory.
Heat Problems Associated with Genesis Flood Models—Part 2: Secondary Temperature Indicators
The Genesis Flood produced drastic geological changes involving extremely energetic processes which also generated an enormous heat load.
The Challenge of Fossil Forests for Creationist Research
The central issue among creationists is whether any purported fossil forests are truly autochthonous.
Living Evidence of a Global Catastrophe: How Microbial Biogeography Supports Noah’s Flood
The biblical account of Noah’s Flood provides an update to modern microbial biogeography and modern creation apologetics.
Heat Problems Associated with Genesis Flood Models—Part 1: Introduction and Thermal Boundary Conditions
The Genesis Flood produced drastic geological changes involving extremely energetic processes which also generated an enormous heat load.
Numerical Modeling of the Large-Scale Erosion, Sediment Transport, and Deposition Processes of the Genesis Flood (Revised)
This paper describes a numerical model for investigating the large-scale erosion, transport, and sedimentation processes associated with the Genesis Flood.
Problems with the U-Pb Radioisotope Dating Methods—2. U and Pb Mobility
Since the amount of U and Pb mobility in most cases has been small, then the determinations can be used to provide useful relative ages.
The Sedimentary Record Demonstrates Minimal Flooding of the Continents During Sauk Deposition
The published global sea level curve is inaccurate in an absolute sense, and the Sauk megasequence represented only a partial start to the global Flood.
Rounding of Quartz and K-Feldspar Sand From Beach to Dune Settings Along the California and Oregon Coastlines: Implications for Ancient Sandstones
Size and roundness statistics were generated for 17 samples. The quartz and K-feldspar showed statistically significant rounding from the beach to the dune.
Colossal Water Flows During Early Creation Week and Early Flood
North America’s Proterozoic geology provides evidence for enormous erosion and the formation of extensive water flow systems, even spanning the continent.
Problems with the U-Pb Radioisotope Dating Methods—1. Common Pb
Problems remain in the interpretation of the measured Pb isotopic ratios to transform them into ages.
Do the Data Support a Large Meteorite Impact at Chicxulub?
The evidence for a large impact at Chicxulub may not be as strong as generally believed. A case can also be made that there was no impact.
Determination of the Decay Constants and Half-Lives of Uranium-238 (238U) and Uranium-235 (235U), and the Implications for U-Pb and Pb-Pb Radioisotope Dating Methodologies
Without accurately known decay half-lives, all radioisotope ages cannot be accurately determined or be considered absolute ages.
Do Varves, Tree-Rings, and Radiocarbon Measurements Prove an Old Earth?
The BioLogos Foundation published a popular-level article by old-earth geologists Gregg Davidson and Ken Wolgemuth presenting arguments for an old earth.
Scriptural Geology, Then and Now
The place of the biblical Flood in the geological record remains one of the most hotly debated issues among creationist geologists today.
The Nature of the Neo-Darwinian Evangelicals’ Criticism of Young-Earth Creationists
If we do not understand the dimensions of the war we are engaged in, we are already halfway to theological and historical oblivion.
The Last Week before the Flood
While attempting to elucidate the general chronological profile of the events of the first week, we hope to answer two specific significant questions.
Numerical Modeling of the Large-Scale Erosion, Sediment Transport, and Deposition Processes of the Genesis Flood
Accounting for thick sediment sequences blanketing the surfaces of the continents is a paramount issue for understanding physical aspects of the Genesis Flood.
Terrestrial Vertebrates Dissolved Near Flood Fountains
Terrestrial vertebrates close to the Flood fountains dissolved then precipitated out to form Precambrian-Cambrian sedimentary phosphate deposits.
How Long Did the Flood Last?
Belief that the Flood lasted 371 days is common among recent creationists, but there are other possibilities.
Physical Difficulties with Hugh Ross’ Local Flood Model
There are at least three problems with Hugh Ross’ local flood model which render it physically impossible. This is in addition to numerous biblical issues.
Can One Astronomically Date the Flood within the Hydroplate Model?
Dr. Danny Faulkner analyzes Dr. Walt Brown’s determination of the date of the Flood within his hydroplate model using the orbits of two comets.
Old Earth Theology: A Factor that Explains Inconsistent Belief of Inerrancy Among Florida Southern Baptists
A major shift in thinking seems to be occurring in contemporary evangelical thinking.
Fossil Baramins on Noah’s Ark: The “Amphibians”
When added to previously determined kinds of extant anurans, caudates, and gymnophionans, a total of 248 amphibian kinds may have been brought on board the Ark.
An Initial Estimate toward Identifying and Numbering Extant Tuatara, Amphisbaena, and Snake Kinds
The purpose of this paper is to use all available information in order to make an initial estimate of the identification and numbers of extant Lepidosaur kinds, except for the “lizards.”
An Initial Estimate toward Identifying and Numbering the Ark Turtle and Crocodile Kinds
Biosystematics is in great flux today because of the plethora of genetic research continually shedding light on organism relationships.
An Initial Estimate of Avian Ark Kinds
This paper will focus on identifying extant bird kinds.
An Analysis of the Dodwell Hypothesis
Danny R. Faulkner, AiG–U.S., examines the Dodwell hypothesis, that the earth underwent a catastrophic impact in 2345 BC that altered its axial tilt and then gradually recovered by about 1850.
An Initial Estimate Toward Identifying and Numbering Amphibian Kinds within the Orders Caudata and Gymnophiona
An initial attempt to count and identify biblical kinds in amphibian orders Caudata and Gymnophiona were estimated using current information and several key assumptions and guidelines.
Creation Date of Adam from the Perspective of Young-Earth Creationism
This article reveals how young-earth creationists have concluded the approximate age of Adam and to explain the reason for a 6,000 year range between both groups.
Numerical Simulations of Three Nor’easters with a Warm Atlantic Ocean
Analyses and numerical simulations were conducted on three recent nor’easters which formed on the East Coast of the United States to explore the effects of warmer-than-normal sea-surface temperatures.
Numerical Simulations of Hypercanes Charley and Fay in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico over a Warm Ocean
Two tropical cyclones were simulated with the NCAR WRF model to determine if warm sea-surface temperatures would cause them to intensify into hypercanes and follow similar storm tracks as the origin
Untangling Uniformitarianism, Level II: Actualism in Crisis
Although the term uniformitarianism was not introduced until 1832, the concepts that Lyell so cleverly fused together had already been operating in the nascent discipline of geology for some decades
Determining the Ark Kinds
This research effort provides information necessary for the best possible reconstruction of the animal kinds preserved on the Ark for the Ark Encounter.
Ancient Egyptian Chronology and the Book of Genesis
This paper will look at the different possibilities that can be constructed concerning how long each dynasty lasted and how they relate to the biblical dates of the Flood, Tower, and Patriarchs.
A Well-Watered Land: Numerical Simulations of a Hypercyclone in the Middle East
A hypercyclone was simulated over the Arabian Sea to test enhanced precipitation over the Middle East and explain evidence for greater vegetation in the past.
Where in the World Is the Tower of Babel?
This biblical story is believed by many to be the record of a real historical event that took place after the worldwide Flood, at a time when the earth’s population still lived together in one place.
The Geology of Israel within the Biblical Creation-Flood Framework of History: 2. The Flood Rocks
The sedimentary strata that cover most of Israel are an obvious record of the Genesis Flood.
The Geology of Israel Within the Biblical Creation-Flood Framework of History: 1. The Pre-Flood Rocks
Understanding the geology of Israel would provide background to biblical events, and potential insights as to where and how they happened.
Numerical Simulation of Precipitation in Yosemite National Park with a Warm Ocean: Deep Upper Low and Rex Blocking Pattern Case Studies
Precipitation from two cold, winter orographic storms in Yosemite National Park and the Sierra Nevada was simulated with the NCAR mesoscale weather model called WRF.
Geomorphology of Uluṟu, Australia
A Australian inselberg, Uluṟu, is an interesting geological feature in that its geomorphology is still a matter of controversy among conventional geologists.
Of the nine terms associated with uniformitarianism, seven can be replaced or eliminated, which refutes the accusation that diluvialists do not understand uniformitarianism.
Systematic Theology Texts and the Age of the Earth
In the past few decades there has been a growing controversy in society and in the Church over evolution and the age of the earth.
Genetics of Coat Color II
Recognizing the population bottleneck which occurred in land animals at the time of the Flood, it is clear that genetic variation was once more limited than it is today.
Implications of Polonium Radiohalos in Nested Plutons of the Tuolumne Intrusive Suite, Yosemite, California
Polonium radiohalos found in biotite flakes of granites in Yosemite National Park place severe time constraints on the formation and cooling of the granite plutons.
Chalk and “Upper Cretaceous” Deposits are Part of the Noachian Flood
Certain features of the “Upper Cretaceous” period correspond closely with the biblical account of the Noachian Flood around day 150, and uniformitarian explanations for “chalk” are inadequate.
Radiocarbon Ages for Fossil Ammonites and Wood in Cretaceous Strata near Redding, California
Measurable radiocarbon has been detected in fossils from the earliest days of radiocarbon dating. When these data are put in perspective, their deadly significance to uniformitarianism is apparent.
Genetics of Coat Color I
Given the number of alleles within baramins, much of the diversity at this locus must have developed since the genetic bottleneck at the Flood where only a single breeding pair was preserved.
Mars, a Testament to Catastrophe
The unlikely geographic relationship between these gigantic features suggests a cause and effect relationship between them. This implies a global Martian catastrophe comparable to the Genesis Flood.
Testing the Hydrothermal Fluid Transport Model for Polonium Radiohalo Formation: The Thunderhead Sandstone, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee–North Carolina
The regional metamorphism, the hydrothermal fluid flows, the cooling of the regional metamorphic complex, and the formation of the Po radiohalos all had to have occurred within a few weeks.
Catastrophic Granite Formation
The timescale for the generation of granitic magmas and their subsequent intrusion, crystallization, and cooling as plutons is no longer incompatible with the biblical time frames.
Noah’s Flood on Answers Research Journal
Since the rise of uniformitarian geology in the late eighteenth century, the biblical account of the Flood in Noah’s day has been rejected and even ridiculed by the majority in the scientific community. Many Christians have accepted the secular timeline and reinterpreted the flood account as referring to a regional or local event, or even a myth, rather than a worldwide catastrophe that covered the entire globe as the Bible clearly describes. Even in the church, many people have rejected the traditional understanding of Noah’s Flood as a worldwide, catastrophic event.
The biblical Flood plays a significant role in discussions about the age of the earth as well as the historical and scientific accuracy of Scripture. Uniformitarians view these layers as irrefutable evidence that the earth is billions of years old. They also interpret the fossils found in the strata as corroborating the evolutionary belief that life on earth evolved from simple to complex creatures. Biblical creationists instead believe that most of the sedimentary layers around the globe were deposited by the Flood of Noah’s day and its aftermath. ARJ papers show that most sedimentary layers were deposited by the Flood, and the secular views of earth’s vast ages and biological evolution are seriously undermined.
These Answers Research Journal (ARJ) articles focus on the biblical, theological, historical, and scientific issues related to Noah’s Flood and defend the view that it was a global event. Research papers cover the proper understanding of the biblical Flood narrative, the correct interpretation of the sedimentary layers and the fossils found therein, and historical evidence of the Flood found among the world’s cultures.