Professional, peer-reviewed papers baraminology from the perspective of the recent creation and the global Flood within a biblical framework.
Are all crocodilians part of the same created kind, or are there multiple crocodilian kinds?
Creationist disagreement over the status of hominin fossils is unlikely to be resolved here, but Reeves’s recommendations bring alternative tools to baraminology that have not been applied.
Pearson baraminic distance correlation remains a useful heuristic for clustering taxa and should not be rejected merely on the basis of Reeves’s critique.
A Critical Evaluation of Statistical Baraminology: Part 2—Alternatives and Conceptual and Practical Issues
Part 2 of this research, reported herein, presents a formal reanalysis of the turtle data using some well-known clustering techniques.
The use of Baraminic Distance Correlation is based on a shaky understanding of statistical principles, and that their use ought to be abandoned.
While several current Flood models posit an Upper Cenozoic Flood Boundary, none of them address the problem of biblical kinds and their relationship Genesis.
A Preliminary Cephalopod Baraminology Study Based on the Analysis of Mitochondrial Genomes and Morphological Characteristics
Cephalopods, including octopuses, squids, cuttlefish, and nautiluses, are underrepresented in both genome sequencing projects as well as baraminology studies.
Homo naledi Probably Not Part of the Human Holobaramin Based on Baraminic Re-Analysis Including Postcranial Evidence
With the inclusion of 37 postcranial morphological characters, this work attempts to reassess the baraminic classification of H. naledi.
This paper argues that the issue with the origin of life and the origin of biodiversity is not an issue of time, though deep time is problematical.
This study shows that created heterozygosity, together with natural processes that are observable, is sufficient to account for species’ diversity.
Using Taxonomically Restricted Essential Genes to Determine Whether Two Organisms Can Belong to the Same Family Tree
How are all life forms connected? Are they linked by one giant family tree, a web, or a forest of family trees?
Documented Anomaly in Recent Versions of the BLASTN Algorithm and a Complete Reanalysis of Chimpanzee and Human Genome-Wide DNA Similarity Using Nucmer and LASTZ
Past evolutionary research in comparative DNA analysis between chimps and humans has employed a great deal of preferential and selective data analysis.
This paper aims to determine the number of created kinds in this family of parasites, the original hosts, and what produced current species.
The mechanism of speciation remains one of the most contested scientific questions among both evolutionists and creationists.
An Initial Estimation of the Numbers and Identification of Extant Non-Snake/Non-Amphisbaenian Lizard Kinds: Order Squamata
This paper is meant to lay creation groundwork for lizard systematics with the goal of estimating the number of baramins brought on the Ark.
Natural selection is controversial among many scientists, both in evolutionary and creationary circles.
Discerning Tyrants from Usurpers: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauroidea Yielding the First Dinosaur Holobaramin
In this study, I analyzed a theropod dinosaur group, Tyrannosauroidea, through the use of statistical baraminology.
When added to previously determined kinds of extant anurans, caudates, and gymnophionans, a total of 248 amphibian kinds may have been brought on board the Ark.
The purpose of this paper is to use all available information in order to make an initial estimate of the identification and numbers of extant Lepidosaur kinds, except for the “lizards.”
Biosystematics is in great flux today because of the plethora of genetic research continually shedding light on organism relationships.
The young-earth creation model currently lacks a robust explanation for molecular diversity.
This paper will focus on identifying extant bird kinds.
It is estimated that 140 extant Anuran kinds were brought on the Ark.
An Initial Estimate Toward Identifying and Numbering Amphibian Kinds within the Orders Caudata and Gymnophiona
An initial attempt to count and identify biblical kinds in amphibian orders Caudata and Gymnophiona were estimated using current information and several key assumptions and guidelines.
Information on the class Mammalia was evaluated in an attempt to get a realistic estimate of what mammalian kinds would have been represented on the Ark.
This research effort provides information necessary for the best possible reconstruction of the animal kinds preserved on the Ark for the Ark Encounter.
Response to Comments on “How Genomes are Sequenced and Why it Matters: Implications for Studies in Comparative Genomics of Humans and Chimpanzees”
The author believes that his use of the Y-chromosome comparison example was misinterpreted and desires to clarify.
Assuming that “natural kind” is a merely biological rather than metaphysical would be a mistake, resulting in Christians having difficulty evaluating and correcting rival views to created kinds.
The Bible’s description of created kinds implies an information model which uses variables. The findings in this paper show that a model which uses variables forms a basis for understanding biology.
Baraminological Analysis Places Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis, and Australopithecus sediba in the Human Holobaramin: Discussion
A discussion on a previous ARJ paper in regard to Australopithecus sediba and its classification.
Baraminological Analysis Places Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis, and Australopithecus sediba in the Human Holobaramin
This present study should end charges against creationists that classification of australopiths as human or ape is arbitrary and meaningless.
Mutations are normally classified according to their proximal effect on an organism’s fitness, whether beneficial, deleterious, or neutral.
Recognizing the population bottleneck which occurred in land animals at the time of the Flood, it is clear that genetic variation was once more limited than it is today.
Given the number of alleles within baramins, much of the diversity at this locus must have developed since the genetic bottleneck at the Flood where only a single breeding pair was preserved.
Chromosomal rearrangements, particularly centric fusions, have played an important role in developing the chromosomal patterns that are seen in cattle today.
Baraminology on Answers Research Journal
According to evolutionary biologists, the diversity of life on earth can be explained by the processes of mutations, natural selection, and genetic drift. However, according to Scripture, God made everything according to its kind within days. These views obviously are in conflict, and evolutionists strongly object to the biblical view.
The discussion of baraminology is limited in Scripture. We are simply told that God created everything that exists today after its kind in Genesis 1. There are then scattered allusions to kinds (Hebrew min) throughout the first eleven chapters of Genesis, including a few in the account of the flood. From the flood narrative in Genesis 6–9, we know that the kinds that got on the ark came in different numbers (though most were in male-female pairs), but all the members of a kind that got on the ark were interfertile.
In seeking to understand the world from a biblical perspective, these papers in baraminological research consider both biblical and biological factors to determine boundaries of the baramins.
The goal of the Answers Research Journal (ARJ) in the area of baraminology is to provide evidence for the biblical account of creation. The professional, peer-reviewed papers published herein make a strong case for the historicity of Genesis and the accuracy of Scripture from the very first verse. Papers discussing the biblical baramins and how to determine baramin boundaries are included in the journal.